GMAT Question Types
Analysis of an Argument:
In this task, you’ll be given an argument of one paragraph in length. That argument will always have a conclusion that the author has drawn from premises on basis of some assumptions. Your task is only to find those assumptions and proof those as false assumptions. And suggest somethings that will help to make the author’s argument strong and valid to be widely acceptable. Below is a type of argument task that may come in your exam:
The following appeared in a memorandum from the business department of the Apogee Company:
“When the Apogee Company had all its operations in one location, it was more profitable than it is today. Therefore, the Apogee Company should close down its field offices and conduct all its operations from a single location. Such centralization would improve profitability by cutting costs and helping the company maintain better supervision of all employees.”
Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.
You should limit your response to 450 words maximum. The response must be logical and conclusive. Again the essay should be organized and grammatically correct. Finally, you need only three things to remember while writing your response to both Issue task and Argument task. First, the response must be convincing enough that make you deserve for perfect score. Second, the response must be grammatically correct. And third, the response must be well organized and structurally logical and well fit.
In order to see all analysis of argument questions that come in GMAT exam, click on GMAT Analysis of Argument Task Pool.
In integrated reasoning, you’ll have questions that some of them more like quantitative section and other more like verbal section. Both of the question require comprehension and analysis skills. For instance, you may see a table that will show different types of vehicles on the road. And on first column, types of vehicles may be mentioned and on first row, characteristics and features may be mentioned. You must be good to know and differentiate each vehicle from its characteristic and feature. Also you may be given some graph and may ask about the trend of specific graph within specified period of time that may be given on x-axis.
On other hand you may be given some critical reasoning type questions with an option of one correct and one incorrect answer based on the argument. Moreover, you may be given mixed information in form of passage as well as table or graphs etc. You must be good in extracting relevant information that is required to answer a given question or set of questions.
Quantitative section of GMAT includes two types of questions: Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency.
Problem Solving (or PS) is always a normal type of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with five choices. There is only one correct answer to each PS question. On other hand, Data Sufficiency (or DS) type of questions provide some incomplete information and ask a question. In addition to this, the question include two separate statements named as first statement and second statement, starting with (1) and (2) respectively. There are five choices with only one correct answer. But these question are bit tricky yet require less time to answer the question. As in these questions, you do not need to find the answer, rather you need to tell whether can we answer the question? That’s it. But trust me it’s not so simple 🙂
The choices are always fixed in DS question as below:
A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, statement (2) alone is not sufficient.
B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, statement (1) alone is not sufficient.
C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
Here you must well aware about the words ‘alone’ and ‘TOGETHER’. For instance, if first statement alone (i.e without involving second statement) is sufficient to answer the question. Also you find second statement alone (i.e without involving first statement) is sufficient to answer the question. And what if you select choice A, which is correct, and don’t select choice B, which was also correct. So you must be clear about word ‘alone’ in choices given above.
Choice A means only first statement is sufficient to answer the question, and second statement is not sufficient. While choice B says only second statement is sufficient to answer the question, and first statement is not sufficient. Choice C means both statement if combined, not separately, can answer the question. Choice D, on other hand, says first statement along can answer the question and second statement alone can also answer the question. Finally, choice E says even both statements combined cannot answer the question.
You must be smart enough to think like, when only first statement is not sufficient and you didn’t see the second statement, than quickly eliminate choice A, choice C and choice D. Similarly, if only second statement is not sufficient and you are confused about first statement, then quickly eliminate choice B, choice C and choice D. There’s how things will become easy and less time taking through process of elimination (POE).
Lastly, GMAT verbal reasoning includes three types of questions: Sentence Correction (S.C), Critical Reasoning (C.R) and Reading Comprehension (R.C).
Sentence Correction (S.C):
Approximately 15 to 17 Sentence Correction come in GMAT verbal section out of total 41 verbal questions. Most of the time verbal section starts with this type of questions, but not always. These type of questions are least time-taking questions, so you may save time to utilize for other type of questions. Sentence correction involves sentence structure, and some basic grammatical rules. You’ll see a word or group of word will underline in a sentence. You’ll be ask to find the correct version of the underlined portion of the sentence if it has at least an error. Fist choice is always the same wording as mentioned in question, because the underlined portion might have no error of any kind.
Critical Reasoning (C.R):
Roughly 12 to 15 Critical reasoning question come in GMAT verbal section out of 41 questions. These type of questions are hardest type of question in GMAT verbal section. But after complete GMAT Preparation Online, you’ll find these questions the most interesting and hence you’ll enjoy while answering these questions.
Reading Comprehension (R.C):
Finally, the most famous type of questions that always tested in every exams is Reading Comprehension. You’ll be taught in comprehensive way how to deal with these type of questions. Most of people find it tedious part of the verbal section. But after GMAT Preparation Online, you’ll like to answer more and more R.C questions. You’ll see minimum 3 to maximum 5 passages in verbal section of GMAT exam.
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