Critical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning:
Let’s discuss about Critical Reasoning (C.R) and its parts. Each part of critical reasoning has its own importance. This topic is considered as the hardest topic in the whole verbal section of all exams. But the good news is that after completing the online course at this website, this Critical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning would become your most favorite category of questions in verbal section. When you would get almost all correct answers after completion of this online course, you would be more happy to answer such questions in first priority. But before going to learn the trick to answer C.R questions in advance level study plan, you need to learn different parts of C.R and the significance of each part as a whole. This would help you in later lectures when you’ll learn the tricks to answer such type of questions confidently with set of strategies. So let’s discuss the parts of C.R type of questions.
Parts of Critical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning:
Basically, there are three parts of Critical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning:
- Argument, which is also termed as stimulus
- Question Statement
- Answer Choices
Consider the following example parts:
Public Transportation & distribution service of Florida is badly mismanaged. Over a decade ago, VIP package cost only 20 cents to transport from the sea port to the main market. However at present, the price has sevenfold since then, while the reliability and speed of the transportation have declined.
2. Question Statement:
Each of the following weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
3. Answer Choices:
A) The average delivery time for a VIP package a decade ago was slightly longer than it is today.
B) The average level of consumer price index has fourfold over the last decade.
C) Private transportation service usually charge more than the public transportation service for comparable service.
D) A record increase in the price of fuel has put sever upward pressure on public transportation service.
E) The volume of goods handled by transportation service has increased dramatically, over the last decade.
Now, let’s understand the argument, which is also termed as stimulus.
Parts of an Argument or stimulus:
Argument = (Premise or Premises) + Conclusion
And most importantly,
Premise or Premises + Hidden Assumption/assumptions → Conclusion
Theoretically, we can say that premises connects with the assumption and leads to the conclusion.
Important Note: If the stimulus does not include conclusion, it is no more an argument. You may call this as information, because from that information we can draw some conclusion..
Premise or premises are those statements that are not considered as conclusion, but set of information that may be a fact, an opinion or combination of both. For instance,
Maria likes to swim everyday before reading a newspaper, in the morning.
This is simply an information from which any conclusion can be drawn.
Conclusion is the opinion that the author of the argument draw based on his analysis made from the argument. The first and the most crucial part of an argument is its Conclusion. For instance,
Maria likes to swim everyday before reading a newspaper, in the morning. Therefore, she is physically fit.
In this argument, the statement “Therefore, she is physically fit.” is the conclusion.
Assumption is never stated in the argument. It is an implied statement or statements that the author of the argument assume. In other words, assumption is the logical and reasonable connection of premises with the conclusion. For instance, in above example of premises and conclusion,
Whatever activity Maria likes, she always involve herself in it on daily basis.
Daily swimming is an exercise that always leads to physical fitness.
The above two statements are the assumptions that the author of the argument “Maria likes to swim everyday before reading a newspaper, in the morning. Therefore, she is physically fit” has assumed while drawing the conclusion.
This part is the key in answering almost 50% types of Critical Reasoning or Logical Reasoning questions. After learning from this complete online course, this topic will become in your fingertips. 🙂